Frederick James Durham (known as James) was born in Headington in 1896, the son of George Edward Durham (born in Headington in the first quarter of 1866 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 4 December 1866) and Mary Ann Henley (born in Melksham, Wiltshire: birth registered in the second quarter of 1865).
James’s parents were married in the King’s Norton district in the second quarter of 1891, and had the following children:
* John William Durham (born in Headington, birth registered second quarter of 1894)
* Ernest George Durham (born in Headington, birth registered second quarter of 1895)
* (Frederick) James Durham (born in Headington, birth registered in the Headington District in the third quarter of 1896)
* Ebenezar [sic] Durham (born in Headington, birth registered in the fourth quarter of 1900)
* Amy Ella S. Durham (born in Headington, birth registered in the fourth quarter of 1901).
James’s father was a bricklayer’s labourer, and the 1901 census shows the family living in Lime Walk. James was then a child of four.
By 1911 the family were living in Western Road (now renamed Holyoake Road). James’s father (45) is described as a builder’s merchant’s porter, and James (14) was described as having “no employment”.
James’s mother Mary Durham died at the age of 50 in the first quarter of 1914 in the Headington Registration District.
In the First World War James Durham served as a Private in the 2nd/4th Battalion of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Service No. 4250). He was killed in action in France at the age of 22 on 11 November 1916 and is buried in the Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery at La Gorgue. He is listed on the Roll of Honour of All Saints Church, Highfield. James’s older brother John also died in the First World War, on 11 November 1916.
After the War
James’s father, George Edward Durham, is listed at 36 Stapleton Road (“Charlbury Cottage”) from 1926 to 1936. He died at the age of 71 (death registered in the first quarter of 1937 in the Oxford District).”
Name: James Durham
Death Date: 13 Jul 1916
Enlistment Location: Headington, Oxon
Regiment: Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Battalion: 2/4th Battalion.
Type of Casualty: Killed in action
Theater of War: Aldershot
Initials: J F
Nationality: United Kingdom
Regiment/Service: Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry
Unit Text: 2nd/4th Bn.
Date of Death: 13/07/1916
Service No: 4250
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: I. B. 18.
Cemetery: PONT-DU-HEM MILITARY CEMETERY, LA GORGUE